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Kathmandu Valley
The Kathmandu Valley has an exotic setting. It is surrounded by a tier of green mountain wall above which tower mighty snow-capped peaks. It consists of three main towns of great historic, artistic and cultural interest: Kathmandu , Patan and Bhaktapur. The Kathmandu Valley covers an area of 218 sq. miles. It is situated 4,423 ft. above sea-level. The ancient Swasthani scriptures tell of Lord Shiva, supreme among Hindu gods, who came down to the Kathmandu Valley to escape boredom. He came as a tourist, if that is the appropriate word, but he was neither among the first nor the last of the gods to visit the Valley. Visitors have come to since times forgotten. And though the country is much different today than it was in ancient times, it has not diminished in charm; the increase in the number of visitors over the years is a living proof. Those who come to the Valley today will appreciate a lot more than Lord Shiva did in his tour. The architecture started here by the Lichhavi and Malla kings is one such example. Much of the greenery that Lord Shiva saw is gone, but the forests surrounding Pashupati, where he stayed, are still intact. The seven World Heritage Sites in the Kathmandu Valley designated by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) are the highlights of the Valley.

Kathmandu Durbar Square

It is the historic seat of royalty. The Durbar square, with its old temples and palaces, epitomizes the religious and cultural life of the people. It is here that kings of are crowned and their coronations solemnized. Interesting things to see here are: Taleju temple built by king Mahendra Malla in 1549 AD, the temple of Kal Bhairab , the god of destruction, Nautalle Durbar, Coronation Nasal chowk, the Gaddhi Baithak, the statue of King Pratap Malla, the Big drum and the Jagannath Temple . It was listed in the UNESCO World Heritage Monument list in 1979. On the right hand corner, a large wooden lattice screen hides an enormous gilded face of Sweta Bhairav. The screen is removed only during the Indra Jatra festival. There are also the Numismatic Museum and Tribhuvan Museum inside the Hanuman Dhoka Palace building. Photography is prohibited inside the museums. Both the museums remain closed on Sundays, Mondays and government holidays.

Patan Durbar Square

It is situated in the heart of the city, constitutes the focus of visitors’ attraction. The square is full of ancient palaces, temples and shrines, noted for their exquisite carvings. The Patan Durbar Squareconsists of three main chowks: Central Mul Chowk, Sundari Chowk and Keshar Narayan Chowk. The Sundari Chowk holds in its center a masterpiece of stone architecture, the Royal Bath called Tushahity. It was listed in the UNESCO World Heritage Monument List in 1979. The museum inside the Durbar Square is considered as one of the best museums in Asia. It specializes in bronze statues and religious objects. It Opens daily from 9.00 am to 5.00 pm. It is closed only for 3 days during Dashain and for 3 days during Tihar.

Bhaktapur Durbar Square

The Golden Gate is the entrance to the main courtyard of the the Palace of 55 windows, built by King Ranjit Malla, the gate is one of the most beautiful and richly carved specimens of its kind in the entire world. This gate is embellished with deities and monsters with marvelous intricy. The palace of 55 windows was built in 1700 AD. Among the brick walls in their gracious setting and sculptural design, is a balcony of 55 windows. The stone temple of Batsala Devi which is also located in the Durbar Squareis full of intricate carvings. This temple also sets a beautiful example of Shikhara style architecture in .  There is a bronze bell on the terrace of the temple which is also known as the ‘Bell of Barking Dogs’. This colossal bell, placed in 1737 AD, was rung to signal curfew during those days.>
The main square of the city contains innumerable temples and other architectural showpieces like the Lion Gate, the statue of King Bhupatindra Malla, the Picture Gallery, the Batsalla temple etc. A magnificient statue of King Bhupatindra Malla, in the act of worship is placed on a column facing the palace. It was listed in the UNESCO World Heritage Monument List in 1979.

Pashupatinath

Situated 5 km east of Kathmandu, the temple of Lord Shiva, Pashupatinath with two tiered golden roof and silver door is considered one of the holiest shrines for Hindus. Although only Hindus are allowed inside the temple, visitors can clearly see the temple and the activities performed in the temple premises from the eastern bank of the Bagmati river. The temple was listed in the UNESCO World heritage monument list in 1979.

Swayambhunath

This is one of the world’s most glorious Buddhist Chaityas. It is said to be 2000 years old. Painted on the four sides of the spire’s base are the all seeing eyes of Lord Buddha. It is 3 km west of Kathmandu city and is situated on a hillock about 77m above the level of the Kathmandu valley and hence commands an excellent view of the valley. This stupa is the oldest of its kind in . It was listed in the UNESCO World Heritage Monument List in 1979.

Boudhanath

The stupa of Bouddhanath lies 8 km east of Kathmandu . This ancient colossal stupa is one of the biggest in the world, and the center of Tibetan Buddhism in the world. It was listed in the UNESCO world heritage monument list in 1979.

KirtipurKirtipur

It is a small town, 8 km southwest of Kathmandu and situated a top a hill. Trubhuvan University, ’s premier seat of education is located at the foothills of Kirtipur. This historic town has many things to offer like old shrines and temples and old houses. Some of the folks are typically dressed in traditional costumes, and can be spotted working on looms.

Chobhar

Chobhar

Situated 9 km southwest of Kathmandu , this place is famous for its gorge. All the water of the valley drains through it. There is a small but picturesque temple of Adinath on the top of a hill from where one can take in a panoramic view of snow capped mountain peaks


Budhanilakantha

Budhanilakantha

Eight kilometers north of Kathmandu is a remarkable, colossal statue of lord Vishnu reclining on a bed of snakes. The fifth-century statue lies in the middle of a small pond Budhanikantha is a place of pilgrimage for all Hindus and is the scene of great activity at such festivals as Haribodhini Ekadasi and Kartik Poornima. An interesting feature of this shrine is that the reigning King of Nepal may not visit the spot according to an old tradition


ChangunarayanChangunarayan

Situated at the end of a long ridge which runs well into the valley, it is said to have been built by King Hari Dutta in 323 AD and said to be the oldest temple in the valley. It was listed in the UNESCO world heritage monument list in 1979.





Bungamati and Khokana These are two newar farming villages lying 7 km south of the ring road that encircles the two cities Kathmandu and Patan. The villages begin with a wide cobbled street and in the middle of the main street lies the temple of Machhindranath in Bungamati and Shekali Mai in Khokana. Khokana is famous for mustard oil, which is still made the traditional way and spun woollen yarn.

Godavari

Situated at the foothills of Phulchoki, the Royal Botanical garden of Godavari has splendid natural beauty. The road from Patan city runs to Godavari to the southeast, passing through the small old towns of Harisiddhi, Thaiba and Badegaun. The only botanical garden in , it is open daily including weekends and government holidays.
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